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Saturday, April 26, 2008

Lost loon rehabilitated, released at MTU

By Dennis Walikainen

HOUGHTON -- On a chilly morning, last Wednesday, Apr. 23, a group of Michigan Tech students, faculty and staff gathered to celebrate a (somewhat late) sign of spring. A loon had been rescued from a puddle, kept overnight and was ready to be released by local concerned birders.

The loon was calling in the box on the car ride to campus. (Photo courtesy Michigan Technological University)

An adult male loon was released, after an overnight recovery, by civil and environmental engineering graduate student Erin Satchell, his wife, Michelle, and young son, Benjamin. The loon had mistaken some wet pavement for open water and had badly scraped his feet in a landing attempt. Michelle works for a veterinarian's office and helped rehab the bird.

The Satchell family releases the rehabilitated loon on Wednesday, Apr. 23, in the Portage, near the MTU campus. Pictured, left to right, are Benjamin, Michelle and Erin. (Photo courtesy Michigan Technological University)

He was doing fine Wednesday morning and called out immediately after hitting the water.

"He's happy," said one of the observers, watching the loon dive under the water and surface a couple of times.

He stretched his wings and shook his head during his slow cruise out toward the middle of the Portage.

Landing in the water, the loon spreads his wings and calls. (Photo courtesy Michigan Technological University)

Before his release, the Satchells also brought the loon to their other children's kindergarten and second-grade classes in Calumet.

An MTU biology class in freshwater biodiversity was present at the release, as were members of a birders’ email listserv, where word of the injured loon had spread.

At last report, the loon was drifting happily out in the Keweenaw Waterway, building up strength to finish that flight north.

Editor's Note: This article appeared recently on Tech Today and is reprinted here with permission. Author Dennis Walikainen is senior editor for Michigan Technological University Marketing and Communications and a Ph.D. candidate in Rhetoric and Technical Communications.

Friday, April 25, 2008

Second threatening note found at MTU

HOUGHTON--Another threatening note was found at Michigan Technological University. On Thursday, Apr. 24, a student discovered the note in a stairwell in the Electrical Energy Resources Center and turned it in to Public Safety at approximately 2:45 p.m.

Extra patrols are continuing, and the evidence will be sent to the Michigan State Police Crime Lab in Negaunee for processing.

The residence halls have been locked and may be entered only by residents and building staff. All members of the University community have been asked to be aware of their surroundings and report anything unusual by calling Michigan Tech Public Safety at 906-487-2216 or by calling 911.

A similar note was found Apr. 16 in Michigan Tech's ROTC Building, which has been locked until the end of the semester and can be entered only by students and employees with regular access.

Tuesday, April 22, 2008

Will Kennecott mine the Yellow Dog Plains?

"Ore body 150 feet down" is the title of this photo of the Salmon Trout River, which flows above the site of Kennecott Minerals' proposed sulfide mine near Marquette. The River contains one of the few surviving populations of Coaster Brook Trout in the U.S. (Photo © 2007 Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve and courtesy Reprinted with permission.)

By Emily Svenson

CALUMET -- Kennecott Minerals does not yet have the go-ahead to begin its Eagle Project sulfide mining operation at the headwaters of the Salmon-Trout River in Marquette County. Although the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) gave Kennecott a permit last December, the company must first receive a permit from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and await the resolution of four lawsuits filed against the State of Michigan.

In addition, a petition to list the Coaster Brook Trout as an endangered species could have repercussions on the Eagle Project, since the Salmon-Trout River hosts one of the few surviving populations of Coaster Brook Trout in the U.S. The deadline for public comment to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service concerning this petition is May 19, 2008, and the deadline for requesting public hearings is May 5, 2008.

Four lawsuits were filed against the State of Michigan by the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, the National Wildlife Federation, the Huron Mountain Club and the Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve. Kennecott has intervened on behalf of the State.

Two of the lawsuits are contested cases that have been consolidated into one; they challenge the DEQ’s approval of the Part 632 Mining Permit and the Groundwater Discharge Permit. They will be heard on Apr. 28, 2008, before Administrative Law Judge Richard Patterson.

According to Cynthia Pryor, executive director of the Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve, the other lawsuits were filed by the same groups against the DEQ for its approval of the Air Quality Permit and against the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) for its land surface use lease to Kennecott until the year 2042. The two cases will be heard by Judge Manderfield in the Ingham County Circuit Court; no date has currently been set.

National Wildlife Federation attorney Michelle Halley says all four lawsuits must be resolved in order for Kennecott to mine because they must have obtained all of the necessary permits, including the Underground Injection Control Permit from the EPA.

"The EPA seems to be taking a close look at the environmental impacts of the mine and the cultural significance of Eagle Rock to KBIC and other tribes," Halley said recently.

A pilgrim to Eagle Rock left a staff with two carved fish dangling from its point. Carved on the staff is the message SACRED WATERS SACRED LAND. (Keweenaw Now file photo © 2007 Sue Ellen Kingsley. Reprinted with permission.)

Halley added she had no prediction whether the EPA would issue Kennecott the permit or not and she was not aware of a timeline the EPA has set for the permit.

When asked why the National Wildlife Federation was suing, Halley said, "The DEQ has issued permits and the DNR has issued a lease for the use of state owned land for mining that do not meet the requirements of Michigan's laws. Since this is the first case testing the new law and rules, proper implementation is critical. So far, both agencies are failing."

According to the DEQ, Kennecott could begin surface construction on the company's privately owned land, but must wait to build on state land until it has obtained the required permits.

Eagle Project Manager Jon Cherry says, however, that Kennecott has not yet begun construction.

Salmon-Trout River hosts rare surviving population of Coaster Brook Trout

The Coaster Brook Trout got its name because, unlike brook trout, they leave streams to live along the coast and then return to the streams to spawn. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is currently considering Coasters for listing as endangered.

According to the USFWS Web site, Coasters were once plentiful in the U.S., having lived in Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior, and in more than fifty streams on the Lake Superior shore.*

USFWS reports that while self-sustaining subpopulations or spawning runs remain in four streams in the U.S. portion of Lake Superior, the population levels in these streams are considered low.

The USFWS is presently considering a petition with the Secretary of the Interior to list as endangered, under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, the naturally spawning lake-dwelling coaster brook trout throughout its known historic range in the conterminous United States.*

The petition was filed on Feb. 22, 2006, by the Sierra Club Mackinac Chapter, Huron Mountain Club and Marvin J. Roberson.*

If Kennecott mines at the headquarters of the Salmon-Trout River, environmentalists are concerned that the Coaster Brook Trout population may be devastated.

According to Hugh McDiarmid of the Detroit Free Press, logging and road building -- both of which can increase river sediment and alter stream temperature -- are major threats to the fish. He notes also environmentalists' concerns about toxic acids and heavy metals that would seep from the operation’s waste rock and pollute the river.

Acid Mine Drainage (AMD), or sulfuric acid leaking from the mine, is the main environmental concern for many citizens. Once this toxic substance is in the environment, it may be impossible to remove. Water-rich areas are especially susceptible to damage from AMD.**

The DEQ and Kennecott officials insist that mining regulations are so tough that the environment and the fish will not be harmed.

When asked if Kennecott can mine on the Salmon-Trout without causing AMD, Project Manager Jon Cherry said, "Most definitely. The design is meant to be safe and protective of the environment and the DEQ agrees with that."***

If Coasters are listed as endangered, the USFWS may greatly restrict land use in their last remaining habitats in the U.S.; this could affect Kennecott’s ability to mine. The USFWS is currently accepting public comments on this issue until May 19, 2008. They must receive requests for public hearings by May 5, 2008. The USFWS hopes to have made their preliminary decision by December of 2008.

To submit a comment or information on the Coaster Brook Trout go to:

Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the instructions for submitting comments.

Or, send a comment by mail to:

Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-R3-ES-2008-0030, Division of Policy and Directives Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 222, Arlington, VA 22203.

The USFWS will not accept anonymous comments; they must be accompanied by a name and address. Comments may be posted online. For more information on this, visit their Web site or contact Ms. Jessica Hogrefe, East Lansing Field Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2651 Coolidge Road, Suite 101, East Lansing, MI 48823–6316; telephone 517-351-8470.

* See "Species of Concern - Coaster Brook Trout," the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service public notice on the petition for listing the Coaster Brook Trout as an endangered species. On this site the USFWS gives detailed information on the Coasters and their population in the Salmon Trout River as well as information for public comments.

** Visit Save the Wild UP for details on Acid Mine Drainage.

*** The Kennecott Minerals Eagle Project for nickel and copper mining is described on their Web site.

Editor's Notes:
Emily Svenson, the author of this article, is a free lance writer and Keweenaw Now visiting reporter.

Watch for Ms. Svenson's next article in this series, concerning Kennecott's parent company, Rio Tinto, additional mining exploration in the Upper Peninsula, the China connection and responses by Governor Jennifer Granholm at a recent Town Hall meeting.

Monday, April 21, 2008

CCGAP to hold Guatemala fund-raising dance Apr. 26

CCGAP Board President Linda Rulison entertains children on visit to Fronterizo, a Guatemalan village aided by CCGAP-sponsored human rights observers (accompaniers). (Photo © 2005 Karen Endres.)

HANCOCK -- The Copper Country Guatemala Accompaniment Project (CCGAP) will hold its annual fund-raising dance from 7:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. on Saturday, Apr. 26, at the Michigan Tech Forestry Building (access from 7th Avenue).

The Uptown Swingsters will play jump blues, swing, jazz standards, gypsy jazz and an occasional polka. The event will include a raffle with a Guatemalan hand-woven blanket as the grand prize. Raffle tickets are $5 and available at the door.

A Silent Auction will offer colorful textiles, jewelry and more! Come and show your support for CCGAP.

The Copper Country Guatemala Accompaniment Project promotes human rights by responding to requests for international accompaniment from Guatemalan organizations and/or communities, and also by increasing awareness of Guatemala in the Copper Country of Michigan.

Visit the CCGAP Web site for more information about their work.